What is global citizenship? It is a concept of universal citizenship wherein one’s nationality is not defined by race, tribe or country but by membership in an international community. What does this mean for citizens? It means that you have the right to vote, enjoy equal privileges with other citizens, be recognized as a victim of persecution and have your cultural and religious rights protected by international law. Basically it’s about being part of a community regardless of your location in this earth.
Globalization has brought what is known as the “marvelous exchangeability” of everything which is made available on this planet including labor, capital, technology and information. This has resulted in many people having much less ties to their particular location and are instead very much global citizens. Thus, citizens of the developed world are often viewed as free-riders because they are tied so much to the particular location of their employment whereas citizens of less-developed countries are much less tied to their location and are seen as free riders simply because they have the money to move wherever they want. There are two major theories on what is global citizenship and they are; open membership and closed membership.
With open membership, as with most other membership structures, citizenship means that the citizens are free to move to any place in the world when they so desire but have to first belong to the national community that grants them that membership. The problem with open membership is that it is extremely difficult to keep track of individuals because they can easily relocate without being detected. In addition to this, those who do belong to a particular nation often have difficulty making a living somewhere else in that nation because of language barriers. These two problems combined make global citizenship nearly impossible. However, with closed membership, the citizens are restricted to their nation or sometimes just the country they were born in but cannot have access to the rest of the world.
Because of these limitations, global citizens are grouped together based solely on nationality. Citizens of less developed nations tend to stay closer to their birthplaces because they have the resources to do so. For example, an individual from Brazil may choose to live in China in order to have access to the resources that he or she would otherwise not be able to have afford. Those who are less tied to their particular location also tend to be more global citizens because they have to choose between their personal resources and their location.
In recent years, the issue of global citizenship has become more prominent due to the occurrence of globalization. Globalization occurs when specific localities become too dependent on trade with other regions, or fail to recognize the value of free market systems in trade. As a result, many localities lose the ability to lead on their own and succumb to pressures from other nations.
One way that the globalization of global economy affects global citizens is in the aspect of immigration. As more localities gain access to international trade, the native born citizens of those areas become less likely to remain and build local economies that support the shared values of their place. As a result, many of these people opt to leave their native lands and travel to more economically stable nations that embrace the same liberalized economic systems that they have come to rely upon. While some have the motivation to do so out of necessity, most of them go for the better of the opportunities that global citizenship affords.
However, there are many reasons why a person might choose to remain in an area where they have family or friends who are also global citizens. Some may choose to do so in order to continue the traditions that they grew up with, such as religious or cultural practices. Others simply want the economic benefits that come with being a global citizen. Whether or not it is important to them, it is crucial that every individual respect the rights of other individuals regardless of how closely they are geographically related.
The fact that global citizens are more likely to leave their homelands to live in less tie than ever before should not be a cause for concern. Globalization has certainly increased the need for businesses to adapt to the global market. This has given businesses a greater opportunity to expand and create a larger customer base. With that being said, competition has also increased and those businesses that are able to adapt will experience greater success. This means that there is less competition in the world today than there used to be, and this is a good thing. What is global citizenship is a very important issue that can lead to peace and greater security if handled properly.